This directory contains the Feb. 2009 assembly of the human genome (hg19,
GRCh37 Genome Reference Consortium Human Reference 37 (GCA_000001405.1)),
as well as repeat annotations and GenBank sequences.
The Feb. 2009 human reference sequence (GRCh37) was produced by the
Genome Reference Consortium:
Note on chrM:
Since the release of the UCSC hg19 assembly, the Homo sapiens mitochondrion
sequence (represented as "chrM" in the Genome Browser) has been replaced in
GenBank with the record NC_012920. We have not replaced the original sequence,
NC_001807, in the hg19 Genome Browser. We plan to use the Revised Cambridge
Reference Sequence (rCRS, http://mitomap.org/bin/view.pl/MITOMAP/HumanMitoSeq)
in the next human assembly release.
Files included in this directory:
chromAgp.tar.gz - Description of how the assembly was generated from
fragments, unpacking to one file per chromosome.
chromFa.tar.gz - The assembly sequence in one file per chromosome.
Repeats from RepeatMasker and Tandem Repeats Finder (with period
of 12 or less) are shown in lower case; non-repeating sequence is
shown in upper case.
chromFaMasked.tar.gz - The assembly sequence in one file per chromosome.
Repeats are masked by capital Ns; non-repeating sequence is shown in
chromOut.tar.gz - RepeatMasker .out files (one file per chromosome).
RepeatMasker was run with the -s (sensitive) setting.
Using: Jan 29 2009 (open-3-2-7) version of RepeatMasker and
RELEASE 20090120 of library RepeatMaskerLib.embl
chromTrf.tar.gz - Tandem Repeats Finder locations, filtered to keep repeats
with period less than or equal to 12, and translated into UCSC's BED 5+
format (one file per chromosome).
hg19.2bit - contains the complete hg19 Human Genome
in the 2bit format. A utility program, twoBitToFa (available
from our src tree), can be used to extract .fa file(s) from
this file. See also:
est.fa.gz - Human ESTs in GenBank. This sequence data is updated once a
week via automatic GenBank updates.
md5sum.txt - checksums of files in this directory
mrna.fa.gz - Human mRNA from GenBank. This sequence data is updated
once a week via automatic GenBank updates.
refMrna.fa.gz - RefSeq mRNA from the same species as the genome.
This sequence data is updated once a week via automatic GenBank
upstream1000.fa.gz - Sequences 1000 bases upstream of annotated
transcription starts of RefSeq genes with annotated 5' UTRs.
This file is updated weekly so it might be slightly out of sync with
the RefSeq data which is updated daily for most assemblies.
upstream2000.fa.gz - Same as upstream1000, but 2000 bases.
upstream5000.fa.gz - Same as upstream1000, but 5000 bases.
xenoMrna.fa.gz - GenBank mRNAs from species other than that of
the genome. This sequence data is updated once a week via automatic
hg19.chrom.sizes - Two-column tab-separated text file containing assembly
sequence names and sizes.
If you plan to download a large file or multiple files from this
directory, we recommend that you use ftp rather than downloading the
files via our website. To do so, ftp to hgdownload.cse.ucsc.edu
[username: anonymous, password: your email address], then cd to the
directory goldenPath/hg19/bigZips. To download multiple files, use
the "mget" command:
mget <filename1> <filename2> ...
- or -
mget -a (to download all the files in the directory)
Alternate methods to ftp access.
Using an rsync command to download the entire directory:
rsync -avzP rsync://hgdownload.cse.ucsc.edu/goldenPath/hg19/bigZips/ .
For a single file, e.g. chromFa.tar.gz
Or with wget, all files:
With wget, a single file:
To unpack the *.tar.gz files:
tar xvzf <file>.tar.gz
To uncompress the fa.gz files:
All the files in this directory are freely available for public use.
Apache/2.2.15 (CentOS) Server at hgdownload-test.sdsc.edu Port 80